Technical Training Courses

Basic Fire Fighting for
Forestry & Farm Workers

Module I – Introduction

  • Overview and purpose of the course

Module II – The National Veld & Forest Fire ACT (Act 101 of 1998)

  • Introduction
  • Understanding Fire Protection Associations
  • Reducing the incidence of wildfires
  • Duties and actions when a fire breaks out
  • Failure to comply

Module III – Fire Danger Rating Systems

  • Introduction
  • The national fire danger rating system
  • How it works
  • Local indicators of fire danger

Module IV – Understanding Fire

  • Overview
  • The elements of a fire
  • Methods used to remove fire elements

Module V- Types of Fires & Their Causes

  • Introduction
  • Types of fires
  • Causes of fires

Module VI – Duties & Organization At Fires

  • Introduction
  • Standby duty
  • Timing
  • Fire alarm
  • Call-out
  • Protective clothing
  • Arrival at fires
  • Basic duties

Module VII – Safety at Fires

  • Introduction
  • Protective clothing
  • General safety rules

Module VIII – Survival at Fires

  • Introduction
  • General facts about fires
  • Breaking through a fire
  • Burning an opening through a fire
  • Using artificial or natural aids
  • Digging a trench

Module IX – The Use of Hand Tools for Fire Fighting

  • Introduction
  • Safety rules
  • The fire beater
  • The Rake-Hoe
  • General tools
  • Operating a knapsack fire pump
  • Summary

Module X – Mopping Up

  • Introduction
  • General tips
  • Extinguish fire/smouldering material with hand tools
  • Guarding the burned area
  • Summary

Module XI – Aerial Fire Fighting Operations

  • Introduction
  • Water drops by aircraft
  • Summary

Gas & Arc Welding

Arc Welding

  • Identifying a welder, different materials and welding rods
  • Functioning and maintenance of a welder
  • Welding of exercise runs in different positions
  • Preparation of materials
  • Practical welding in various positions on different materials

Gas Welding

  • Storage of oxygen and acetylene cylinders
  • Transport of oxygen and acetylene cylinders
  • Preparation of equipment for gas welding
  • Lighting and putting out flames
  • Practical welding of different types of welding joints and positions

Gas Welding Training Program (Advanced)

Course Details

To train entrepreneurs for SMME’s in gas welding techniques to enable them to repair and manufacture consumer goods.

The participants will have had the necessary exposure to enable them to sell their services to the local consumers in a mutual and beneficial manner.

Participants will be able to do the above in a safe manner if they adhere to the safety aspects they are exposed to during their course.

Week 1

First Aid & Safety

  • CPR
  • Basic fractures
  • Open wounds and burns
  • OHS Act
  • Storage and transport of gas welding equipment
  • Working safely with open flame equipment
  • General safety in the workplace

Week 2

  • Theory and basic hand tools
  • Knowledge of correct use of gas welding equipment
  • Theory relating to steel gas welding techniques
  • Theory relating to steel cutting with gas equipment
  • Theory relating to brazing
  • Practical exercises

Week 3

  • Basic welding skills
  • Practical gas welding, cutting and brazing
    • Stringer beads
    • Outside corner welds
    • Lap welds
    • Square butt welds
    • Brazing
    • Gas cutting

Week 4

  • Practical welding exercises
  • Application of skills
  • Manufacturing consumer goods
  • Final examination and testing

Week 5

Business skills
  • Motivation /persistence
  • Cash flow.
  • Quotations and tendering
  • Marketing

Estimations and cost analysis.

Maintenance of Handtools

Course Details

Overall Aim

At the end of the course, trainees will be able to sharpen, set and repair hand tools to prescribed standards and maintain an orderly work area at all times.

  • Identify safety signs and colour coding
  • Positioning of shelves
  • Storing heavy items
  • Positioning of tools
  • Replacing tools and materials
  • Identify tools for maintenance
  • Using tools for maintenance
  • Maintaining tools used in maintenance
  • Maintain axes and hatchets
  • Maintain pruning saws
  • Maintain knives
  • Maintain hoes
  • Maintain roads picks and mattocks
  • Maintain forks, shovels, spades, trowels and rakes
  • Maintain bow saws
  • Maintain cant and peavey hooks and pickeroons
  • Maintain crow bars and cold chisels
  • Maintain hammers

Tractor Maintenance

Course Details

  • Knowledge of different types of tools
  • Removal and replacement of air filters
  • Inspection of exhaust system
  • Checking and filling of fuel system
  • Maintaining the cooling system
  • Draining and refilling of engine oil
  • Replacing of oil filter
  • Maintenance of electrical system
  • Checking and replacement of fan belt
  • Checking and re-adjustment of clutch
  • Checking and replacement of transmission oil
  • Checking of alternator
  • Checking of braking and steering system
  • Checking of front wheel bearings
  • Lubrication of vehicle
  • Switching off a turbo engine
  • Safety precautions
  • Fuel consumption
  • Record keeping

Tractor Operator

Course Details

  • Safety precautions
  • Tractor maintenance (Basic)
  • Legal requirements
  • Gear selection
  • Hitching/unhitching of various implements
  • Maneuvering of tractor with and without implements
  • Transporting
  • Fault finding
  • Fuel consumption and economic driving
  • Record keeping

Brush Cutter

Module I: Machine Maintenance

  • Tools & Equipment in possession of operator.
  • Tools & Equipment at service area.
  • General condition of brush cutter.
  • Adjustments
  • Replacement of blades.
  • Startup procedure.
  • Sharpening procedure.

Module II: Safe Operation Procedures

  • Personal protective clothing.
  • Attach / Detach brush cutter.
  • Working technique.

Module III: Practical Work

  • Bush clearing
  • Weed control

Chainsaw Operator (Basic)

Module I: Safety Rules & Regulations

  • Safety clothing
  • Safe handling of equipment
  • Safe refueling
  • Safety procedures in felling

Module II: Felling a Tree

  • Felling patterns
  • Two tree lengths / workers.
  • Planning and escape routes
  • Clearing
  • Felling procedures
  • Procedures after felling
  • Releasing of stuck trees
  • Warning at felling

Module III: Cross Cutting

  • Marking of logs
  • Angle of cross cut, etc.
  • Environmental awareness

Module IV: Operating & Maintaining A Chainsaw

  • Equipment
  • Guide bar
  • Chain
  • Transporting chainsaws

Farm Workshop Assistant

Course Details

  • Replace water pump seal and bearings
  • Replace front delivery pump valves and diaphragm
  • Tune cylinder valves
  • Remove cylinder head from cylinder block
  • Measure cylinder head for curving
  • Remove, grind in and replace cylinder valves
  • Replace cylinder head
  • Dismantle machine
  • Assemble machine
  • Dismantle, repair and assemble clutch
  • Tune pump time
  • Dismantle gearbox
  • Assemble gearbox
  • Dismantle differential lock
  • Assemble differential lock
  • Replace brake lining
  • Repair stearingblock
  • Replace alternator bearings and brushes
  • Repair starter
  • Replace circular gear and flyer
  • Replace cross gears
  • Replace hydraulic pump


Course Details

  • Identifying, handling and use of fencing materials
  • Requirements of a good fence
  • Joining methods
  • Calculating boundary fence directions
  • Preparing a terrain for boundary fence
  • Grooving of prepared wooden poles and anchors
  • Digging of holes and planting of poles
  • Concrete of poles and erection of anchors
  • Attaching of boundary fence
  • Spacing of anchors, poles, droppers and wires
  • Erecting boundary, inside and wire netting fences
  • Fitting of gates

Fork Lift Operator

Course Details

1: Mechanical evaluation and maintenance

2: Detailed safety rules including:

  • pre-checking of fork lift
  • starting procedure
  • switching off procedure
  • operating controls
  • principles of fork lift operations, loading boards, loading, loading stations, etc.

3: Fuel Filling that includes:

  • diesel and petrol
  • electrical
  • LP Gas

4: Maintenance of log sheets and reports

5: Handling which includes:

  • obstacle route
  • limited pile routs

6: Identify different loads for example:

  • dangerous loads
  • stability factors, etc.

7: Loading and offloading of loads:

  • scheduling
  • loading of trucks
  • Box cars

8: Theoretical exam on:

  • pre-operational procedure
  • starting procedure
  • handling procedure
  • switching off procedure

9: Handling of fork lift including:

  • the test demands an operator to drive the forklift forward and backwards, through a 90° chicane with a load and to do stacking and un-stacking exercises on a prescribed route
  • trainees have to do stacking and un-stacking on high-, eye and low level

10: Skills and knowledge to practice safety rules and regulations

  • Identify the objective of all controls as well as components
  • Able to read information plates on fork lift correctly and understand the meaning thereof
  • Ability to demonstrate a full procedure list and starting and switching off procedure
  • Be able to do all fork lift operations in a barrier route without making contact with any barrier
  • Understand and implement theoretical knowledge
  • Demonstrate skills to identify load, pick it up, transport it and stack and un-stack it
  • Determine the mass of loads allowed for a specific fork lift
  • Demonstrate the correct method to safely load and unload vehicles

Front End Loader Operator

Course Details

Demonstrate knowledge of the functions of a front end loader:

  • The main functions of a front end loader are explained in terms of manufacturer’s specifications.
  • The operation of all major components is explained in terms of their functions.
  • The applications of a front end loader are described in terms of earthmoving activities.
  • All safety features and warning devices on the front end loader are identified, and their purposes explained in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications.
  • The maximum operating capacities are explained in terms of the designed front end loader capabilities.
  • Warnings from front end loader indicators and gauges are explained according to manufacturer’s specifications.
  • Corrective actions are described or demonstrated in terms of neutralising warnings received
  • Plan for work activities and prepare work area.

Start and shut down front end loader: 

  • Pre-operational checks are carried out according to appropriate checklist;
  • Daily and weekly operator maintenance is performed according to the appropriate post-operational checklist;
  • Start-up and shutdown procedures are followed according to manufacturer’s specifications;
  • Front end loader is parked according to manufacturer’s and worksite requirements;
  • Front end loader hours are documented in accordance with company requirements;
  • Front end loader maintenance and faults are reported.

Operate front end loader:

  • The purpose of the various controls is explained in accordance with their designed use;
  • Functions of the various controls are demonstrated in accordance with the manufacturers specifications;
  • Temporary safety signs are explained in relation to their use and placement;
  • Front end loader performance is monitored and corrective action is taken when necessary, in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications;
  • Front end loader is operated according to safe working procedures, manufacturer’s specifications and earthmoving activity.

Transport front end loader to and from site. 

  • Methods of loading a front end loader for transport are explained according to safety requirements, manufacturer’s instructions and transport configuration;
  • Methods of securing a front end loader for transport are explained and demonstrated in relation to lashing points and safety requirements;
  • Driving a front end loader on a public road according to the provisions of the current National Road Traffic Act
  • Fuel consumption and economic driving
  • Record keeping


Course Details

  • Replacing of electric light bulb
  • Replacing a broken window pane
  • Repairing wall cracks
  • Application of paint
  • Cleaning of gutters and downpipes
  • Fitting of new tap washers
  • Fitting of new toilet washers and seats
  • Replacing door locks
  • Fitting of new curtain tracks
  • Replacing broken wall tiles
  • Making up and fixing of new gutters
  • Replacing worn out toilet cistern ball valves
  • Replacing a hot water geyser
  • Re-fixing of loose corrugated iron sheets
  • Re-fixing of fascia boards
  • Re-plastering of damaged corners
  • Fitting of shelves
  • Jointing of pipes and hose pipes
  • Replacing floor tiles
  • Opening of blocked sewerage pipes

Light Vehicle Servicing

Course Details

  • Registration and orientation
  • Adhere to all safety and housekeeping rules
  • Check for operating functionally according to specifications before servicing a vehicle

Maintain and service:

  • Battery
  • Handbrake
  • Braking system
  • Timing
  • Carburettor
  • Replace:
  • Oil filter
  • Fuel filter and air filter element
  • Transmission oil
  • Spark plugs points and condenser
  • Brake pads
  • Flat wheel with spare
  • Starter motor brushes
  • Alternator
  • Radiator
  • V-belt
  • Windscreen blades
  • Light bulbs (front and rear)

Garden Maintenance

Course Details

  • Maintenance of hand tools used in garden
  • Preparation, maintenance and use of electrical lawnmower
  • Preparation, maintenance and use of fuel driven lawnmower
  • Preparation, maintenance and use of electrical edge cutter
  • Preparation, maintenance and use of fuel driven edge cutter
  • Weed control, fertilisation and irrigation of lawn
  • Cutting of edges, weed control, cleaning, add organic supplements and irrigation of garden beds.
  • Cleaning of a garden bed and preparation of the bed according to soil needs, as well as planting of seedlings, bulbs and trees
  • Preparation and making of a compost heap, cutting of hedges and the arranging of a trellis and fence for creepers.

Lawn Mower Operator/Maintenance

Course Details

  • Maintenance of hand tools used in a garden
  • Preparation, maintenance and correct use of an electrical lawnmower
  • Preparation, maintenance and correct use of a fuel driven lawnmower
  • Preparation, maintenance and correct use of an electric edge cutter
  • Preparation, maintenance and correct use of a fuel driven edge cutter
  • Safety rules to adhere to all lawnmower equipment
  • Practical cutting of lawns, edges and hedges and arranging of a trellis fence for creepers